How many scientists believe the Earth is flat? How many scientists believed that the earth was flat 2,000 years ago? Did they do any experiments to show that the earth was flat or was it based on visual sight and feelings?
Same question, how many scientists believe that the Universe is flat? What experiments did they do or is it based on a feeling and visual examination?
Imagine that the universe is shaped like a sphere. Or is it flat?
The observable universe is like a sphere going 46 billion light years outwards from any observational point which makes the universe 93 billion light years in diameter. I don’t know how they measured that when they haven’t found an edge of the universe.
However, experimental evidence shows that the universe seems isotropic (same in every direction) and homogenous (evenly distributed).
The mass and density of the universe has also been estimated. But, seriously a flat universe? How ancient and outdated is this kind of thinking?
I will tell you how the flat universe was estimated/calculated. Then I will point out the errors that the universe is said to be flat.
There are two aspects to consider.
The local geometry which takes in the observable universe, and
The global geometry which concerns the entire universe.
Examine the diagram of 3 possible shapes for the universe.
Personally I don’t understand how space can have a shape such as these examples
A flat universe adds up the visible lines of the universe to exactly 180 degrees.
A Sphere adds up the triangle sides to be more than 180 degrees, like Earth.
A negative curvature like a horse saddle adds up to less than 180 degrees.
Using the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) the Boomerang experiment measured the triangle to exactly 180 degrees. (proving the universe is flat?).
One more question not known, is the universe infinite or finite (big or small)
I found this quote in a science internet site, “If we look beyond our edge of perception it’s possible the universe is a sphere. When ancient people looked to the horizon they believed the Earth was flat. Some scientists say there’s a chance that the universe is a sphere.”
Einstein said “two things are infinite, the universe and human stupidity and I’m not sure about the universe.”
I concur about his quote but as he said, maybe the universe isn’t infinite (like a flat universe).
How can we base our information by looking at the universe and saying that it definitely looks flat?
To talk about the Universe we must understand that it was a creation from a non physical place/dimension. People that still believe the earth is flat are kind of ignorant because they aren’t open to ideas that are outside of their belief system.
Most people don’t realize that science without religion is lame and religion without science is blind. That puts most of us into the small belief systems that the flat earthers have.
It’s sheer stupidity to think that the Big Bang wasn’t an act of creation. Consider how perfect the math was and how all the rules of science had to exist before creation. Not to mention the hundreds of religions that believe in a creation.
The Big Bang proves two things, that creation came from outside of the universe, so other dimensions must exist and that the universe is finite and not infinite.
Scientists look at the first light of the universe, which is the cosmic microwave background (CMB). This is looking and measuring 380,000 years after the Big Bang. A theory of what happened before the big bang and before the CMB would help answer questions.
As far as I can discern, the measurements that were taken of the CMB were falsely understood. Their measurements are useless to explain the shape of the universe, because each possible shape would give the same results.
The diagram below shows that light doesn’t travel the shape of the universe. Each of the shapes in the above photo are represented as being solid shapes but the universe is an open vacuum not a solid thing.
Imagine that the circles above are a sphere and the drawing on the right is a close-up of a section. In each image we can measure light from distant stars or galaxies and each time the angles are 180 degrees.
Because light travels in straight lines or in the fastest way, then even this doesn’t prove that the universe is a sphere. What it does prove is that the method of interpreting the data is in error.
Let me ask you how many things are flat in the universe? If you said the earth is flat then I’m talking to a person with a foolish belief system. But seriously we have taken photos of all the planets and moons and none of then were flat.
The force of gravity makes large things into round shapes. The universe is full of round black holes and the universe is expanding like a balloon.
What I mean is that we see galaxies moving away from each other as the universe is expanding. The only way this can happen is if a strong force of gravity is attracting the universe outwards.
An outward expansion of an isotropic homogeneous universe can only happen when a sphere gets bigger like in the balloon analogy. This source of gravity must be from outside of the observable universe in order for it to expand like a balloon. There isn’t any air blowing up the balloon from inside our 3rd dimension lol.
As a matter of fact our dimension (the observable universe) only has about 4% of the total matter of the universe. Therefore, the extra matter must be outside of our dimension and that is the source of gravity attracting us outwards.
In this image I show how black holes are moving matter into higher dimensions. The result is that our 3rd dimension is pulled outwards into the higher spherical dimensions
In conclusion I believe the only shape that makes sense is a shape such as a sphere.
The observable universe is isotropic and homogeneous
Using the visual way to measure and interpret the universe is false science
The 3 possible shapes would all give the same result using CMB data
Light travels in straight lines inside all possible shapes
The expansion of the universe makes sense using a sphere shape model
Black holes are moving matter into higher dimensions
The only shape that makes sense is a sphere shaped universe
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Erik has a BSc degree and is a retired professional photographer who is now a published Author of many books. His passion is understanding how life and the universe works. He is currently blogging about the science of the Big Bang and the science of cosmology. Erik is helping his tribe with questions about the universe. His goal is to help find a theory of everything (TOE). In order to do that, he is trying to prove light has mass and that the fabric of spacetime is a false theory. We are welcoming questions and answers that you might have about the universe.