Time works by the frequency of matter. The frequency standard of time is based on the photon radiation that created the universe. During the big bang the energy and the high frequency of photon radiation turned into matter, namely the electron.
Since electrons create light and light has a constant speed of (c) we can deduce that there is a relationship between the speed of light and electrons. That means that the movement of time was built into the frequency of electrons.
Electrons constantly produce photon radiation at the perfect speed that governs not only the speed of light but the speed of time.
Why do atomic clocks on GPS satellites change time every day? Physical matter that contain protons and electrons are affected by the energy field they travel in. However, the speed of photons and rate of time remains the same.
The GPS system uses 24 satellites orbiting Earth. Relativity, or time dilation adjustments are performed daily to compensate for the time difference from clocks on Earth.
The difference in speed causes the satellite time to go slower by 7 microseconds daily and due to the smaller gravitaional force in space the satellite time goes faster by 45 microseconds. Therefore the satellite's time is adjusted to go slower by 38 microseconds daily for each satellite.
Understand that the real time of each reference frame is the same because time is invariant.
Physical matter that has quarks and gluons will gain more mass (more gravity) and slow down the rate of molecular vibration the faster matter moves. To compensate for the gain in mass gluons do more work and that energy becomes more mass resulting in clocks running slower.
According to Einstein’s theory of relativity, traveling near the speed of light matter will get close to infinite mass and time will come to a near stop.
Even on Earth we experience time dilation because we are moving through space on a revolving planet that has a gravity field. Matter contains protons which have gluons and quarks that are the source of quantum gravity.
When matter (GPS clock) is in a weaker gravity field the quark-gluon color force needs less work to maintain the strong nuclear force that holds matter together. This smaller energy becomes less mass and the molecular frequency of matter increases resulting in clocks running faster.
But time itself and the speed of light remains unchanged.
Another source of time dilation might happen if matter approaches absolute zero temperature. In this case the molecular vibrations slow down and a clock would register a very slow rate. However, time remains constant in the universe.
Yes, your biological age can vary if your body moves faster or your field of gravity changes. When you move faster your body has more mass and all body functions must work harder to function normally?
According to this theory a person traveling on a fast spaceship will age faster than his twin on Earth. The reverse of Einstein's theory, but not because of the time dilation but because his greater mass puts aging stress on his body.
If time is invariant what governs the aging process? How slow can your heart beat before you die? Stress on biological organs would probably harm your body.
We don’t know the answers and we may never be subject to travel at speeds that would make any difference to our life span.
We experience time every day but without a frame of reference we don’t know what time it is. Imagine being shipwrecked on an island and scratching lines to mark off the number of days. We live in a fast moving rotating planet scratching off the years as they go by.
If time is invariant and gravity comes from the color force of quantum reactions the theory of spacetime is built on falsehoods.
However, Einstein didn’t know about quarks/gluons and the strong nuclear force. If he did, he wouldn’t have come up with a theory that gravity distorts space. I believe he would have said that gravity is a force of attraction between quarks.
Einstein would have said that time dilation and mass in general relativity is the result of the quark/gluon reaction. He would have said that time is invariant and that clocks are giving a false reading due to quantum gravity.
The simple truth is that time is not a dimension and space cannot be stretched or distorted. The arrow of time moves only one way. You can’t reverse the frequency of matter in order to reverse time.
Quantum gravity changes the frequency of atoms in a clock and changes the clock’s time not time itself. The new paradigm is here. Time is constant and only moves forward. Spacetime and time travel are relegated to science fiction.
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Erik has a BSc degree and is a retired professional photographer who is now a published Author of many books. His passion is understanding how life and the universe works. He is currently blogging about the science of the Big Bang and the science of cosmology. Erik is helping his tribe with questions about the universe. His goal is to help find a theory of everything (TOE). In order to do that, he is trying to prove light has mass and that the fabric of spacetime is a false theory. We are welcoming questions and answers that you might have about the universe.