What is the source of quantum gravity? The fundamental forces of matter are: electromagnetic, weak nuclear, strong nuclear and gravity. What is gravity and where does it come from. I will show that quantum gravity exists and it’s the missing link that’s the source of all gravity.
THE LHC at CERN produced this quark energy image.
During the Big bang temperatures were too hot for quarks and gluons to exist. Matter was in a plasma state as a field of radiation with very little mass. This allowed energy to move at the speed of light into the universe.
Researchers at the LHC in CERN have created this plasma state of matter but they don’t know where gravity comes from.
An atom is made up of protons, neutrons and electrons. The electron is a fundamental particle with a negative charge and an orbiting energy field.
Protons and Neutrons are made of 3 quarks and 3 gluons. These particles combine in different ways to create atoms and molecules.
Protons contain one positive charge in matter that cancels out the electron’s negative charge. Turns out the proton has 2 up quarks and one down quark that equals a positive charge of one. Quarks come in 6 flavors, only the up quark and down quark are common.
Quarks are held together by the strong nuclear force which is provided by Gluons.
Quarks have a force called a color charge that makes them engage in the strong nuclear force. This color force is a product of the quark/gluon interaction.
The color force is the same force that is called the strong nuclear force. But the color force is always moving inside quarks to maintain a neutral color charge. This force also acts as an attractive force to any matter that has quarks, so quarks attract quarks.
Gluons and Quarks don’t exist on their own. They are only found inside particles. Gluons hold 3 quarks together to make a proton or a neutron. And they also hold the nucleus together inside the atom. Eureka!
Gluons hold stuff together! Gravity holds stuff together. This isn’t rocket science, its logic and quantum physics.
There is no doubt that gravity is a property of mass! The gluon particle is attached to quarks and quarks attract more quarks.
The mass of atoms and molecules is about 99% from the attractive binding force of the gluon energy. According to Einstein energy can be expressed as mass.
Gravity from Gluons
Gluons are the strong nuclear force that holds quarks together to make protons and neutrons. The Gluon force is kind of like a spring attached between two quarks. When protons attract electrons then stable atoms are created.
During molecular vibration this spring keeps a constant force binding the quarks together. There is also a color force that mediates the strong force associated with this interaction.
The force of the spring analogy explains how it seems to work. If you try to separate quarks from the gluons the spring becomes stronger and prevents them from pulling apart.
Adding enough energy to force them apart changes the extra energy into new quark pairs. So you created more matter from energy but it’s impossible to get free quarks.
Gluons and quarks are never free particles (except in the quark-gluon plasma during the big bang). Furthermore the gluon force (the strong nuclear force) has 3 ranges of strength.
The quark to quark bond is the first range for gluons at the quantum distance of quarks. At a slightly longer distance gluons hold the nucleus together that contains various protons and neutrons. Otherwise the protons would repel each other and fly out of the nucleus.
I believe there is a 3rd distance that extends beyond the nucleus. Beyond the nucleus range there is an attraction to other atoms that have quarks. This attraction to nearby quarks explains why the force of gravity depends on the mass of the object.
Consider a single hydrogen atom. It consists of one proton and one electron orbiting the positive proton. Where is the quantum gravity in a single atom?
The proton is made of 3 quarks and 3 gluons and 1 electron. The mass of the proton is almost 99% due to the force between the 3 quarks and 3 gluons. It’s possible that the force of gravity is equivalent to 99% of the mass of a hydrogen atom.
This quantum force of attraction is too small to measure on the level of a single atom but gravity is an additive force. When the number of atoms increases in size to large gaseous clouds the combined gravity starts a nuclear fusion reaction.
Isn’t it amazing that gluons create and attract matter using the strong nuclear force. Then gravity (inside gluons) attracts enough matter to create a nuclear fusion reaction. This fusion reaction creates more types of matter as well as black holes.
All other fundamental particles lack gravity. Electrons, neutrinos and photons can have mass but not gravity. That means they are attracted to gravity but are not attracted to each other since they don’t have a gravity field.
This also means that a strong field of gravity (as in the sun) will not affect the structure or energy of electrons, neutrinos and photons.
The only thing left is to study the color force in more detail to find the law of quantum gravity. The force of gravity is inside the quark and gluon binding force. For instance, if the temperature of matter increases it has more mass.
When quarks get hot the vibrational energy increases inside atoms and molecules. To counter the increased vibrational force from breaking the quark- gluon bond the gluon force gets stronger. This increased force results in more mass.
The LHC in CERN has proved this theory which is from Einstein's Theory of relativity. The collider tried to accelerate a proton to the speed of light. The more energy that was used to accelerate the proton, it only gained more mass but no extra speed. Energy is equivalent to mass and mass is equivalent to gravity.
The information in this article explains the way gravity works in the quantum world. The additive force of Gravity explains why it also works in the large scale of the Universe. Adding the quantum gravity theory to the Standard Model of Particles gets us to the Theory of Everything.
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Thanks for being here and be well.
Erik has a BSc degree and is a retired professional photographer who is now a published Author of many books. His passion is understanding how life and the universe works. He is currently blogging about the science of the Big Bang and the science of cosmology. Erik is helping his tribe with questions about the universe. His goal is to help find a theory of everything (TOE). In order to do that, he is trying to prove light has mass and that the fabric of spacetime is a false theory. We are welcoming questions and answers that you might have about the universe.