What is the Higgs Field?
The Higgs Field is a quantum field that exists everywhere but what is the Higgs Field? The new understanding of physics suggests that all fundamental particles act like waves. The Higgs field would be a kind of wave field that all fundamental particles must enter. Then this field mechanism gives the particles some mass. Scientists describe all elementary matter as being massless until it reacts with the Higgs Field. The particle that mediates this mass transfer is called the Higgs Boson.
This new particle could make the Big Bang reaction easier to understand. Imagine no mass during the Big Bang until the fundamental particles formed and entered the Higgs Field.
Artist’s image of the creation of the Higgs Boson particle
The Higgs Field didn’t exist in the very first part of the Big Bang. The temperatures were much too hot to allow particles to form (this is high frequency matter). The Higgs Field might not appear until after 10-22 seconds. This time delay allows the energy during the Big Bang to mix together homogeneously.
Then during the inflation period this energy was distributed into the universe without mass to slow down the reaction. Speeds greater than the speed of light may have been possible.
The cosmic microwave background (CMB) image shows that the universe was almost even in density and temperature. Scientists have wondered how this could have happened. However, the CMB image shows the universe about 380,000 years after the Big Bang. What else might have happened before 330,000 years? Imagine the size of the universe after expanding at the speed of light for 380,000 light years...
It seems that the high frequency radiation was evenly mixed because no particles had formed yet. This meant that the energy was able to spread out into space without having mass. On top of that, space didn’t have the Higgs Field yet to slow down the movement of massless energy at light speed. Once particles formed the Higgs Field added some mass and the inflationary reaction slowed down.
The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in CERN discovered the Higgs Field by finding a particle called the Higgs Boson. When this particle was found they were able to prove the Higgs Field exists?
They thought if they can find a particle inside this field then that would prove that the Higgs Field exists.
The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded in 2013 for this work that finally found the Higgs Boson proving that the Higgs Field exists.The Higgs Boson particle has been called the “God Particle” because it was the name of a book written in 1993 about the elusive field. When found the Higgs Boson fit nicely into the Standard Model of Particle Physics.
Standard model of elementary particles with the Higgs Boson added.
The Higgs Boson and Higgs field are named after Peter Higgs who wrote about the field theory in 1964. He shared the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics with several people but some of them had predeceased him. It was found that the Higgs Boson has a mass of 125 gigaelectronvolts, or about 133 times heavier than the proton.
If you have had doubts about the Big Bang as the best answer for Creation, you're not alone. There are a lot of articles by the media and even on Science sites like Quora that have misleading posts. Most of these articles are dated without having the latest research. I feel that new theories will come out soon and we can say, I told you so. Stay tuned for more insights on the newest research with me.
The main takeaway is that the Higgs Field played an important part in the Big Bang creation by allowing energy enough time to spread before mass slowed down the inflationary reaction.
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Erik has a BSc degree and is a retired professional photographer who is now a published Author of many books. His passion is understanding how life and the universe works. He is currently blogging about the science of the Big Bang and the science of cosmology. Erik is helping his tribe with questions about the universe. His goal is to help find a theory of everything (TOE). In order to do that, he is trying to prove light has mass and that the fabric of spacetime is a false theory. We are welcoming questions and answers that you might have about the universe.